TOEFL sections

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Reading Comprehension

The passage reading questions can be classified into ten different types ranging from factual information, pronominal reference and paraphrasing sentences, through vocabulary, rhetorical purpose and inference, to constructing “prose summaries” and filling in boards.

In addition to traditional multiple-choice questions, they may require the use of the computer mouse to mark in additional text that could be inserted within a passage, or to drag answer options into the correct places on partially completed leaderboards based on in ticket information


Groups of five or six questions are followed by listening, once, to conversations or readings, in both cases related to the academic world or content related to the campus.

The content of the reading material reflects what is presented in first-year college courses, and is based on four main themes:

  • the arts;
  • life sciences;
  • physical;
  • social Sciences.

(The reading section also uses these four themes.)

In this section you can take notes as in all the others.

In addition to the traditional multiple-choice questions, the audition portion includes the following types of questions:

  • multiple-choice questions with more than one answer (for example, two answers of four or more options);
  • order events or steps in a process;
  • match objects or texts to categories in a table.


The Speaking section has a total of 20 minutes distributed in sufficient time to receive the instructions, the preparation time (scarce: 15 seconds for the first task, and 30 seconds for each of the remaining three tasks), and the time for speak into the microphone to record responses (responses are digitally recorded and sent to the ETS Online Scoring Network).

The first task is "independent", that is, it involves only the ability to speak. Which will consist of answering short questions on general topics, expressing your own opinion on the topic.

The other three tasks are “built in”: in some, examinees read, listen, prepare, and respond in a way that demonstrates understanding of the material presented and the ability to articulate that understanding. In others, the answer is to answer questions about a discussion and a short talk.

Responses are rated by "at least three human raters", on a scale of 0 to 4. The sum of the six ratings then becomes a 0 to 30 rating scale, as in the other three sections.

The raters assess the development of the topic, delivery and use of the language.


The writing section is made up of two different tasks:

  • First, (20 minutes): an integrated task in which a short passage of about 3 minutes is read, and then a short talk is heard that directly addresses the questions raised in the reading, then a summary of what the speaker has said in passage. The summary must be complete and accurate. It also has to be of decent quality to get a higher score.
  • Second, (30 minutes): an independent essay (which only measures your ability to write) that consists of writing a personal essay of around 300-450 words on a certain topic. Tried according to the canons that govern good expository writing in English.

Each of the two tasks counts a 50% of the total score.